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'''Noel's Article Summary Page'''
 
'''Noel's Article Summary Page'''
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The Marvel of Remote Learning
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The Coronavirus or Covid-19 has made a large impact in not only health and the economy, but also our education. This caused higher education establishments to change to remote learning to continue education despite a global pandemic. This sudden shift is likely to be troublesome because of the accessibility of remote learning differs from person to person. These problems consist of no internet access to lack of technological devices. Listening to these problems will for sure change academic policies and the current policies for remote learning can only be provided as a framework for upcoming plans for teaching and learning from online.
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Source: http://asianjde.org/ojs/index.php/AsianJDE/article/view/453
  
 
Bees Practice Social Distancing  
 
Bees Practice Social Distancing  

Latest revision as of 18:19, 27 June 2020

Noel's Article Summary Page

The Marvel of Remote Learning

The Coronavirus or Covid-19 has made a large impact in not only health and the economy, but also our education. This caused higher education establishments to change to remote learning to continue education despite a global pandemic. This sudden shift is likely to be troublesome because of the accessibility of remote learning differs from person to person. These problems consist of no internet access to lack of technological devices. Listening to these problems will for sure change academic policies and the current policies for remote learning can only be provided as a framework for upcoming plans for teaching and learning from online.

Source: http://asianjde.org/ojs/index.php/AsianJDE/article/view/453

Bees Practice Social Distancing

With the coronavirus spreading, we distance ourselves from others in order to prevent the spread of the virus. Not all viruses affect humans, but instead, they affect other animals, like bees. However, just like humans, bees distance themselves from each other to stop the spread of a virus. In one case of a virus called Israeli acute paralysis virus, studies show that honeybees practice a form of social distancing in order to prevent the spread of the virus in their colony. Honeybees lived in huge colonies, with tens of thousands living next to each other closely, so scientists wondered how they keep the infections from spreading. For example, when bees interact with nestmates, bees that are infected experience fewer contact than bees that are not infected.

Source: https://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/virus-infected-bees-practice-social-distancing/

The Oceans Under The Ocean

Scientists, after decades of searching, have found what seems to be a massive reservoir underneath the ocean, which is said to fill the surface oceans 3 times over. They say it might have been formed because of a mineral called ringwoodite, which can trap water. The water is trapped in these minerals and is moved up to the surface in the transition zone, which means water may not have come from these comets, but actually these minerals. With this, new ecosystems and lifeforms could be discovered which was hidden 400+ miles below the surface, which can definitely provide great discoveries.

Source: https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/184564-scientists-discover-an-ocean-400-miles-beneath-our-feet-that-could-fill-our-oceans-three-times-over

Turning Hydrogen Into A Metal

Scientists have "crushed" hydrogen to a point where they think they have found a way to make metal out of hydrogen. This metallic hydrogen appeared at a pressure that is 4 million times greater than the Earth's atmosphere. This experiment is bringing answers to a prediction that was first brought up in the 1930s. In creating this metallic hydrogen, scientists had squeezed hydrogen gas between two diamonds, and they had sent infrared light through the crushed hydrogen. As the pressure increased, the hydrogen started to become opaque to the light, which is a sign that it was becoming a metal. The properties of the metal are still unclear and they are still researching this new phenomenon.

Source: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/hydrogen-metal-claim-diamond-pressure

The Yemen Crisis

In the month of June, the UN or the United Nations announced that Yemen was in the largest humanitarian crisis in the world with 24 million people in need of aid. This crisis was initially backed up with a 5-year long civil war and has only been made worse by the coronavirus outbreak. The testing rates are incredibly low, and Yemen only has access to a few medical professionals because some have fled the country in the midst of conflict. Up to 50% of the population doesn't even have access to clean water and sharing the little food they have. The country was already destroyed by bombings and the virus is expected to cause more deaths. Some even say that Yemen will eventually not be part of the world map, being completely erased. What people can do to help is to donate and spread awareness of this crisis.

Source: https://www.oxfordstudent.com/2020/06/18/the-yemen-crisis-civil-war-starvation-and-now-a-global-pandemic/



Huge Russian Oil Spill Pollutes Big Lake near Norilsk

Near Norilsk, Siberia, a diesel/oil spill has turned part of a river completely red.

---Edited for mechanics: Near Norilsk, Siberia, a diesel oil spill has turned part of a river completely red.

Vladamir Putin has criticized the local authorities in the region for the slow response time since the spill initially began on May 29th.

---Edited for mechanics: Vladamir Putin has criticized the local authorities in the region for the slow response time since the spill initially began on May 29.

At least 20,000 tons had been spilled and has reached Lake Pyasino, which connects to the Pyasino River.

---Great sentence!

This river flows into the Arctic Ocean, and if the oil reaches the Ocean, it will cause extreme damage to the environment and ecosystem, killing many animals.

---Edited for grammar: This river flows into the Arctic Ocean, and if the oil reaches the ocean, it will cause extreme damage to the environment and ecosystem, killing many articles.

The cause is speculated to be an oil tanker sank to the ground, was damaged because of leaking permafrost.

---Edited for grammar: The cause of the spill is speculated to be an oil tanker that sank to the ground and was damaged because of leaking permafrost.

The oil has not reached the lake but authorities still have trouble containing the spill.

---Edited for grammar: The oil has not reached the lake, but authorities still have trouble containing the spill.

Source: https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/a32769626/bloody-russian-river-oil-spill/


Original Article:
Near Norilsk, Siberia, a diesel/oil spill has turned part of a river completely red. Vladamir Putin has criticized the local authorities in the region for the slow response time since the spill initially began on May 29th. At least 20,000 tons had been spilled and has reached Lake Pyasino, which connects to the Pyasino River. This river flows into the Arctic Ocean, and if the oil reaches the Ocean, it will cause extreme damage to the environment and ecosystem, killing many animals. The cause is speculated to be an oil tanker sank to the ground, was damaged because of leaking permafrost. The oil has not reached the lake but authorities still have trouble containing the spill.


Edited Article:
Near Norilsk, Siberia, a diesel oil spill has turned part of a river completely red. Vladamir Putin has criticized the local authorities in the region for the slow response time since the spill initially began on May 29. At least 20,000 tons had been spilled and has reached Lake Pyasino, which connects to the Pyasino River. This river flows into the Arctic Ocean, and if the oil reaches the ocean, it will cause extreme damage to the environment and ecosystem, killing many articles. The cause of the spill is speculated to be an oil tanker that sank to the ground and was damaged because of leaking permafrost. The oil has not reached the lake, but authorities still have trouble containing the spill.

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What Is in The Mariana Trench?

The Marina Trench is a crescent-shaped hole in the ocean floor, that is about 1500 miles long and 7 miles deep.

---Edited for grammar: The Mariana Trench is a crescent-shaped hole in the ocean floor that is about 1500 miles long and seven miles deep.

In that depth, the pressure is about 1000 times higher than the surface world.

---Great sentence!

Only 3 divers have ever explored the Challenger Deep, the deepest part of the Marina Trench.

---Edited for grammar: Only three divers have ever explored the Challenger Deep, the deepest part of the Mariana Trench.

In 2012, James Cameron explored the Challenger Deep for 3 hours, however, after the dive, all his equipment had broken as the pressure took an extreme toll on the equipment.

---Edited for grammar: In 2012, James Cameron explored the Challenger Deep for three hours; however, after the dive, all of his equipment had broken because the pressure took an extreme toll on it.

There has been proof of life in the Marina Trench, and scientists are studying how these types of animals are living in such high pressure.

---Another great sentence! Good work!

Understanding this could help us understand how life on Earth originated when the planet was hotter and less inhabitable.

Great concluding sentence!

Source: https://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/science/mariana-trench?utm_source=sciam&utm_campaign=sciam


Original Article:
The Mariana Trench is a crescent-shaped hole in the ocean floor, that is about 1500 miles long and 7 miles deep. In that depth, the pressure is about 1000 times higher than the surface world. Only 3 divers have ever explored the Challenger Deep, the deepest part of the Mariana Trench. In 2012, James Cameron explored the Challenger Deep for 3 hours, however, after the dive, all his equipment had broken as the pressure took an extreme toll on the equipment. There has been proof of life in the Mariana Trench, and scientists are studying how these types of animals are living in such high pressure. Understanding this could help us understand how life on Earth originated when the planet was hotter and less inhabitable.


Edited Article:
The Mariana Trench is a crescent-shaped hole in the ocean floor that is about 1500 miles long and seven miles deep. In that depth, the pressure is about 1000 times higher than the surface world. Only three divers have ever explored the Challenger Deep, the deepest part of the Mariana Trench. In 2012, James Cameron explored the Challenger Deep for three hours; however, after the dive, all of his equipment had broken because the pressure took an extreme toll on it. There has been proof of life in the Marina Trench, and scientists are studying how these types of animals are living in such high pressure. Understanding this could help us understand how life on Earth originated when the planet was hotter and less inhabitable.


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The Space X Dragon Launch

On May 30th, SpaceX with the support of Nasa launched astronauts into space for the first time in a decade on U.S. soil.

---Edited for grammar: On May 30, SpaceX, with the support of NASA, launched astronauts into space for the first time in a decade on U.S. soil.

It opens a new era as SpaceX is the first private company to launch astronauts into orbit.

---Great sentence!

This is only the first step to a new Space Era as well as the first step for the founder and owner of SpaceX, Elon Musk.

---Edited for grammar:This is only the first step to a new Space Era, as well as the first step for the founder and owner of SpaceX, Elon Musk.

The astronauts are Robert L. Behnken and Douglas O. Hurley.

---Great information!

Each as flown twice in previous space shuttle missions, and no stranger to space.

---Edited for grammar: Each man has flown twice in previous space shuttle missions and is no stranger to space.

On May 31st, both astronauts arrived safely to the ISS or the International Space Station.

---Edited for grammar: On May 31, both astronauts arrived safely to the ISS, or the International Space Station.

Their mission was to test out the capsule and its capabilities, however, their mission will not be complete until they return home.

---Edited for grammar: Their mission was to test out the capsule and its capabilities; however, their mission will not be complete until they return home.

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/30/science/spacex-launch-nasa.html


Original Article:
On May 30th, SpaceX with the support of Nasa launched astronauts into space for the first time in a decade on U.S. soil. It opens a new era as SpaceX is the first private company to launch astronauts into orbit. This is only the first step to a new Space Era as well as the first step for the founder and owner of SpaceX, Elon Musk. The astronauts are Robert L. Behnken and Douglas O. Hurley. Each as flown twice in previous space shuttle missions, and no stranger to space. On May 31st, both astronauts arrived safely to the ISS or the International Space Station. Their mission was to test out the capsule and its capabilities, however, their mission will not be complete until they return home.


Edited Article:
On May 30, SpaceX, with the support of NASA, launched astronauts into space for the first time in a decade on U.S. soil. It opens a new era as SpaceX is the first private company to launch astronauts into orbit. This is only the first step to a new Space Era, as well as the first step for the founder and owner of SpaceX, Elon Musk. The astronauts are Robert L. Behnken and Douglas O. Hurley. Each man has flown twice in previous space shuttle missions and is no stranger to space. On May 31, both astronauts arrived safely to the ISS, or the International Space Station. Their mission was to test out the capsule and its capabilities; however, their mission will not be complete until they return home.


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Changes of COVID-19

Covid-19 has all changed our lives currently, however, the real question is what will happen when this is all over.

---Edited for grammar: COVID-19 has changed all of our lives currently. However, the real question is what will happen when this is all over.

Most sit in quarantine in order to escape the virus, but surely our lives will change because we have seen what this virus can do.

---Edited for sentence clarity: Most people sit in quarantine in order to escape the virus, but surely our lives will change because we have seen what the virus can do.

In a recent poll, more than 54% want to change the way they live as well as how the country lives.

---Edited for sentence clarity: In a recent poll, more than 54% of people want to change the way they live as well as how the country lives.

42% say that they have valued more of food and other essentials. 61% have started to spend less money and 51% have noticed cleaner air.

---Edited for sentence clarity: 42% of people say that they have valued more food and other essentials, while 61% have started to spend less money, and 51% have noticed cleaner air.

All in all, people have noticed multiple changes because of Covid-19 and they hope to keep these changes.

---Edited for grammar: All in all, people have noticed multiple changes because of COVID-19, and they hope to keep these changes in their lives.

Source: https://news.sky.com/story/coronavirus-only-9-of-britons-want-life-to-return-to-normal-once-lockdown-is-over-11974459


Original Article:
Covid-19 has all changed our lives currently, however, the real question is what will happen when this is all over. Most sit in quarantine in order to escape the virus, but surely our lives will change because we have seen what this virus can do. In a recent poll, more than 54% want to change the way they live as well as how the country lives. 42% say that they have valued more of food and other essentials. 61% have started to spend less money and 51% have noticed cleaner air. All in all, people have noticed multiple changes because of Covid-19 and they hope to keep these changes.


Edited Article:
COVID-19 has changed all of our lives currently. However, the real question is what will happen when this is all over. Most people sit in quarantine in order to escape the virus, but surely our lives will change because we have seen what the virus can do. In a recent poll, more than 54% of people want to change the way they live as well as how the country lives. 42% of people say that they have valued more food and other essentials, while 61% have started to spend less money, and 51% have noticed cleaner air. All in all, people have noticed multiple changes because of COVID-19, and they hope to keep these changes in their lives.

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Latin America's Response to Covid-19

Around the world, political leaders are taking different measures and approaches against the coronaviruses.

---Edited for grammar: Around the world, political leaders are taking different measures and approaches against the coronavirus.

Some like the presidents of South Korea have listened directly to their doctors.

---Edited for grammar: Some people, like the president of South Korea, have listened directly to their doctors.

Some still do not believe it, like Turkmenistan, which banned the word coronavirus.

---Edited for grammar: Some people still do not believe in the facts of the disease, such as Turkmenistan, a country that banned the word coronavirus.

In Latin America, their choices can vary from complete ignorance to strict restrictions.

---Good sentence!

These governments act “self-destructive” because a divergence between populists and pragmatics has appeared.

---Another good sentence!

Populists tend to see political problems to be manipulated and pragmatics see results as the measure of success.

---Edited for grammar: Populists tend to see political problems to be manipulated, and pragmatics see results as the measure of success.

Either way, both make choices that can affect people's lives.

---Good concluding sentence!

Source: https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28650/across-latin-america-coronavirus-responses-are-a-new-dividing-line


Original Article:
Around the world, political leaders are taking different measures and approaches against the coronaviruses. Some like the presidents of South Korea have listened directly to their doctors. Some still do not believe it, like Turkmenistan, which banned the word coronavirus. In Latin America, their choices can vary from complete ignorance to strict restrictions. These governments act “self-destructive” because a divergence between populists and pragmatics has appeared. Populists tend to see political problems to be manipulated and pragmatics see results as the measure of success. Either way, both make choices that can affect people's lives.


Edited Article:
Around the world, political leaders are taking different measures and approaches against the coronavirus. Some people, like the president of South Korea, have listened directly to their doctors. Some people still do not believe in the facts of the disease, such as Turkmenistan, a country that banned the word coronavirus. In Latin America, their choices can vary from complete ignorance to strict restrictions. These governments act “self-destructive” because a divergence between populists and pragmatics has appeared. Populists tend to see political problems to be manipulated, and pragmatics see results as the measure of success. Either way, both make choices that can affect people's lives.


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Increase of Asian Racism
Around the globe, there have been quarantines and lockdowns in order to take precautions against the new Covid-19.

---Good opener! Edited for mechanics: Around the globe, there have been quarantines and lockdowns put in order to take precautions against COVID-19.

Accompanying this is the massive spike of racism against Asians, especially Asian Americans.

---Edited for grammar: Accompanying these orders are the massive spike of racism against Asians, especially Asian Americans.

Memes, racist terms, and even the news have attacked Asian Americans.

---Great sentence!

Trump has used the term “Chinese Virus” only making the situation worse.

---Edited for grammar: Trump has used the term "Chinese virus", only making the situation worse.

This has not been the first time diseases have caused an increase in Asian racism. The Chinese have constantly been feared as carriers of viruses.

---Great sentence! Combined sentences together: This has not been the first time diseases have caused an increase in Asian racism, and the Chinese have constantly been feared as carriers of viruses.

Racism is something that can never be rid of, but it can always be suppressed.

---Edited for grammar: Racism is something that we can never be rid of, but it can always be suppressed.

Source: https://theconversation.com/anti-asian-racism-during-coronavirus-how-the-language-of-disease-produces-hate-and-violence-134496


Original Article:
Around the globe, there have been quarantines and lockdowns in order to take precautions against the new Covid-19. Accompanying this is the massive spike of racism against Asians, especially Asian Americans. Memes, racist terms, and even the news have attacked Asian Americans. Trump has used the term “Chinese Virus” only making the situation worse. This has not been the first time diseases have caused an increase in Asian racism. The Chinese have constantly been feared as carriers of viruses. Racism is something that can never be rid of, but it can always be suppressed.


Edited Article:
Around the globe, there have been quarantines and lockdowns put in order to take precautions against COVID-19. Accompanying these orders are the massive spike of racism against Asians, especially Asian Americans. Memes, racist terms, and even the news have attacked Asian Americans. Trump has used the term "Chinese virus", only making the situation worse. This has not been the first time diseases have caused an increase in Asian racism, and the Chinese have constantly been feared as carriers of viruses. Racism is something that we can never be rid of, but it can always be suppressed.


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No Place for Oil

Currently, all around the world, there is an abundance of oil and countries are struggling to find storage for it.

---Edited for grammar: Currently all around the world, there is an abundance of oil, and countries are struggling to find storage for it.

Huge tankers, holding up to 80 million gallons are quickly filling up.

---Great sentence!

The Covid-19 pandemic has put the global economy on a downward spiral.

---Edited for mechanics: The COVID-19 pandemic has put the global economy on a downward spiral.

There is no need for this much oil because all our factories and airlines or anything that majorly uses oil has been shut down.

---Edited for grammar: There is no need for this much oil because all our factories, airlines, and any industry that uses the majority of the oil have been shut down.

China, the largest energy consumer first experienced a major downfall in February. Soon followed other countries like the U.S. and most of Europe.

---Edited for grammar: China, the largest energy consumer in the world, first experienced a major downfall in February, and other countries such as the US and Europe soon followed.

Soon enough, all countries will be impacted by this.

---Great concluding sentence!

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/26/business/energy-environment/oil-storage.html


Original Article:
Currently, all around the world, there is an abundance of oil and countries are struggling to find storage for it. Huge tankers, holding up to 80 million gallons are quickly filling up. The Covid-19 pandemic has put the global economy on a downward spiral. There is no need for this much oil because all our factories and airlines or anything that majorly uses oil has been shut down. China, the largest energy consumer first experienced a major downfall in February. Soon followed other countries like the U.S. and most of Europe. Soon enough, all countries will be impacted by this.


Edited Article:
Currently all around the world, there is an abundance of oil, and countries are struggling to find storage for it. Huge tankers, holding up to 80 million gallons are quickly filling up. The COVID-19 pandemic has put the global economy on a downward spiral. There is no need for this much oil because all our factories, airlines, and any industry that uses the majority of the oil have been shut down. China, the largest energy consumer in the world, first experienced a major downfall in February, and other countries such as the US and Europe soon followed.


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Dogs Trained to Sniff COVID-19

Canines have already been used to smell multiple types of diseases, like diabetes, malaria, or even some types of cancers.

---Edited for word choice: Canines have already been used to smell multiple types of diseases, such as diabetes, malaria, and even some types of cancer.

Dogs have a great sense of smell, having 300 million smell receptors.

---Great sentence!

They are trained by using a practice called odor imprinting.

---Another great sentence!

Trainers will place saliva or urine with Covid-19 as well as other samples.

---Edited for grammar and mechanics: Trainers use saliva or urine with COVID-19 as well as other samples to train the dog.

If trained correctly, it can be used to track asymptotic carriers or one that has no symptoms of the virus and will not know that they have contracted the virus unless tested.

---Edited for grammar: If trained correctly, the dog can track asymptomatic carriers, also known as a person who has no symptoms of the virus and does not know that he or she has contracted the virus until tested.

This will certainly help in making sure we stop this virus.

---Great concluding sentence!

Source: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/dogs-are-being-trained-detect-covid-19-180974796/


Original Article:
Canines have already been used to smell multiple types of diseases, like diabetes, malaria, or even some types of cancers. Dogs have a great sense of smell, having 300 million smell receptors. They are trained by using a practice called odor imprinting. Trainers will place saliva or urine with Covid-19 as well as other samples. If trained correctly, it can be used to track asymptotic carriers or one that has no symptoms of the virus and will not know that they have contracted the virus unless tested. This will certainly help in making sure we stop this virus.


Edited Article:
Canines have already been used to smell multiple types of diseases, such as diabetes, malaria, and even some types of cancer. Dogs have a great sense of smell, having 300 million smell receptors. They are trained by using a practice called odor imprinting. Trainers use saliva or urine with COVID-19 as well as other samples to train the dog. If trained correctly, the dog can track asymptomatic carriers, also known as a person who has no symptoms of the virus and does not know that he or she has contracted the virus until tested.


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Harvesting Water From Air

Researchers have found a way to literally pull water out of thin air.

---Great opening sentence!

This can help people that live in remote or areas where there are droughts.

---Edited for word choice: This technique can be used to help people that live in remote areas where there are droughts.

They are using MOFs or metal-organic frameworks.

Edited for sentence clarity: They are using MOFs or metal organic frameworks to make the water.

It would essentially collect H2O particles in the air and store it.

---Good sentence!

Later, it would release the water.

---Another good sentence!

Harvesting water vapor in areas with less than 50% humidity is very challenging. However, if conquered, it is possible to collect water from even the hottest of places, like deserts.

---Good sentences! Combined: Harvesting water vapor in areas with less than 50% humidity is very challenging; however, if conquered, it is possible to collect water from even the hottest of places, such as deserts.

Source: https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/harvest-water-right-out-of-the-air


Original Article:
Researchers have found a way to literally pull water out of thin air. This can help people that live in remote or areas where there are droughts. They are using MOFs or metal-organic frameworks. It would essentially collect H2O particles in the air and store it. Later, it would release the water. Harvesting water vapor in areas with less than 50% humidity is very challenging. However, if conquered, it is possible to collect water from even the hottest of places, like deserts.


Edited Article:
Researchers have found a way to literally pull water out of thin air. This technique can be used to help people that live in remote areas where there are droughts. They are using MOFs or metal organic frameworks to make the water. It would essentially collect H2O particles in the air and store it. Later, it would release the water. Harvesting water vapor in areas with less than 50% humidity is very challenging; however, if conquered, it is possible to collect water from even the hottest of places, such as deserts.


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1.5 Billion Year Old Earth Had No Land

3.2 billion years ago, new research is suggesting that the planet was covered with water, with absolutely no continents.

---Edited for sentence structure:New research is suggesting that the planet was covered with water and absolutely no continents 3.2 billion years ago.

Scientists found that more of certain oxygen isotopes, oxygen-18, held more of the isotopes we have in current oceans, oxygen-16.

---Great sentence!

Continental masses usually absorb oxygen-18 from the ocean, but the fact that there was more oxygen-18 3.2 billion years ago means that there were little to no continental landmasses.

---Another great sentence!

This research provides new questions about lifeforms that existed in this time period and how they have evolved.

Edited for grammar: This research provides new questions about lifeforms that existed in that time period and how they have evolved.

Source: https://www.livescience.com/waterworld-earth.html


Original Article:
3.2 billion years ago, new research is suggesting that the planet was covered with water, with absolutely no continents. Scientists found that more of certain oxygen isotopes, oxygen-18, held more of the isotopes we have in current oceans, oxygen-16. Continental masses usually absorb oxygen-18 from the ocean, but the fact that there was more oxygen-18 3.2 billion years ago means that there were little to no continental landmasses. This research provides new questions about lifeforms that existed in this time period and how they have evolved.


Edited Article:
New research is suggesting that the planet was covered with water and absolutely no continents 3.2 billion years ago. Scientists found that more of certain oxygen isotopes, oxygen-18, held more of the isotopes we have in current oceans, oxygen-16. Continental masses usually absorb oxygen-18 from the ocean, but the fact that there was more oxygen-18 3.2 billion years ago means that there were little to no continental landmasses. This research provides new questions about lifeforms that existed in that time period and how they have evolved.


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Mining on the Moon

It was only 50 years ago when humans first set foot on the moon.

---Great opening sentence!

Ever since then, our technology has only advanced, but we have yet to take advantage of the Moon.

---Edited for capitalization: Ever since then, our technology has only advanced, but we have yet to take advantage of the moon.

Last month, there was an executive order that U.S. companies were allowed to mine the moon, opening new possibilities of commercialization.

---Great sentence!

Many agree that Moon mining is beneficial, but the process of obtaining the resources and what to do with these resources is still in the works.

---Edited for capitalization: Many agree that moon mining is beneficial, but the process of obtaining resources and what to do with these resources is still in the works.

The resources on the moon are abundant, containing rare substances.

---Great sentence!

For example, rare earth metals used in the construction of high tech, Helium-3, which is a rare element used for the future development of nuclear fusion.

---Edited for grammar: For example, rare earth metals are used in the construction of high tech materials, such as Helium-3, which is a rare element used for the future development of nuclear fusion.

All in all, mining on the moon seems like it will help with the growing technology for humans.

Edited for grammar: All in all, mining on the moon seems like it will help with the growing technology of humans.

Source: https://www.popularmechanics.com/space/moon-mars/a32253706/history-moon-mining/


Original Article:
It was only 50 years ago when humans first set foot on the moon. Ever since then, our technology has only advanced, but we have yet to take advantage of the Moon. Last month, there was an executive order that U.S. companies were allowed to mine the moon, opening new possibilities of commercialization. Many agree that Moon mining is beneficial, but the process of obtaining the resources and what to do with these resources is still in the works. The resources on the moon are abundant, containing rare substances. For example, rare earth metals used in the construction of high tech, Helium-3, which is a rare element used for the future development of nuclear fusion. All in all, mining on the moon seems like it will help with the growing technology for humans.


Edited Article:
It was only 50 years ago when humans first set foot on the moon. Ever since then, our technology has only advanced, but we have yet to take advantage of the moon. Last month, there was an executive order that U.S. companies were allowed to mine the moon, opening new possibilities of commercialization. Many agree that moon mining is beneficial, but the process of obtaining resources and what to do with these resources is still in the works. The resources on the moon are abundant, containing rare substances. For example, rare earth metals are used in the construction of high tech materials, such as Helium-3, which is a rare element used for the future development of nuclear fusion.All in all, mining on the moon seems like it will help with the growing technology of humans.


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Disease Can Come From Plants, Not Only Animals

Most diseases that humans contract usually originate from animals in the wild.

---A great opening sentence!

However, there are diseases from plants that can jump to humans.

---Great facts!

Over the years, drug-resistant fungi have been a problem, including a recent fungus called Candida Auris.

---Edited for grammar: Over the years, drug resistant fungi have been a problem, including a recent fungus known as Candida Auris.

Since it is drug-resistant, it's hard to cure, killing half of its victims in about 90 days. Fungi are constantly mutating, meaning it always adapts.

---Combined these two sentences and edited for grammar. Remember we only want to use six sentences in the summary!: Since it is drug resistant, it is hard to cure, killing half of its victims in about 90 days, and fungi are constantly mutating, meaning it always adapts.

One solution to prevent this type of diseases is to stop using fungicides.

---Edited for grammar: One solution to prevent this type of disease is to stop using fungicides.

More use can cause fungi to adapt and the reason Candida Auris has grown to a dangerous level was that the overuse of fungicides killed of its competitors. However, fungicides are still important and scientists are working on doing a better job of trying to control zoonotic diseases like this.

---Combined the last to sentences and edited for grammar: More use can cause fungi to adapt, and the reason Candida Auris has grown to a dangerous level was because of the overuse of fungicides of its competitors; however, fungicides are still important, and scientists are working on doing a better job of trying to control zoonotic diseases like this.

Source: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/diseases-can-jump-to-humans-from-plants-not-just-from-animals/



Original Article:
Most diseases that humans contract usually originate from animals in the wild. However, there are diseases from plants that can jump to humans. Over the years, drug-resistant fungi have been a problem, including a recent fungus called Candida Auris. Since it is drug-resistant, it's hard to cure, killing half of its victims in about 90 days. Fungi are constantly mutating, meaning it always adapts. One solution to prevent this type of diseases is to stop using fungicides. More use can cause fungi to adapt and the reason Candida Auris has grown to a dangerous level was that the overuse of fungicides killed of its competitors. However, fungicides are still important and scientists are working on doing a better job of trying to control zoonotic diseases like this.


Edited Article:
Most diseases that humans contract usually originate from animals in the wild. However, there are diseases from plants that can jump to humans. Over the years, drug resistant fungi have been a problem, including a recent fungus known as Candida Auris. Since it is drug resistant, it is hard to cure, killing half of its victims in about 90 days, and fungi are constantly mutating, meaning it always adapts.One solution to prevent this type of disease is to stop using fungicides. More use can cause fungi to adapt, and the reason Candida Auris has grown to a dangerous level was because of the overuse of fungicides of its competitors; however, fungicides are still important, and scientists are working on doing a better job of trying to control zoonotic diseases like this.


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Rooftop Wind Power

Solar Panels on top of houses is a fairly common sight in suburban neighborhoods, but what about wind power?

---Great opening sentence!

It was previously thought to have too many difficulties since the bigger the turbine or the actual machine is, the more energy wind can generate.

---Edited for word choice: Wind power was previously thought to have too many difficulties since the bigger the turbine of the actual machine is, the more energy wind can generate.

However, Brent Houchens and his colleagues think they have made a new design that solves these problems and it is based on aerospace.

---Edited for grammar: However, Brent Houchens and his colleagues think they have made a new design that solves these problems, and it is based on aerospace techniques.

In neighborhoods with an abundant amount of wind, they think that it is possible to compete with rooftop solar panels.

---Great concluding sentence! Remember we want our articles to be six sentences long!

Source: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/rooftop-wind-power-might-take-off-by-using-key-principle-of-flight/


Original Article:
Solar Panels on top of houses is a fairly common sight in suburban neighborhoods, but what about wind power? It was previously thought to have too many difficulties since the bigger the turbine or the actual machine is, the more energy wind can generate. However, Brent Houchens and his colleagues think they have made a new design that solves these problems and it is based on aerospace. In neighborhoods with an abundant amount of wind, they think that it is possible to compete with rooftop solar panels.


Edited Article:
Solar Panels on top of houses is a fairly common sight in suburban neighborhoods, but what about wind power? Wind power was previously thought to have too many difficulties since the bigger the turbine of the actual machine is, the more energy wind can generate.However, Brent Houchens and his colleagues think they have made a new design that solves these problems, and it is based on aerospace techniques. In neighborhoods with an abundant amount of wind, they think that it is possible to compete with rooftop solar panels.


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6 New Strands of Coronavirus in Myanmar

In Myanmar, Researchers recently discovered 6 new coronaviruses, the same family as the current COVID-19 virus.

---Edited for grammar. Remember if a number is 1-10, we write them out!: In Myanmar, researchers recently discovered six new strands of teh coronavirus in the same family as the current COVID-19 virus.

These new coronaviruses originated from bats, and they suspect that they are not harmful to humans, but they still can not take any chances.

---Good sentence! I separated it into two so we can meet the six sentence requirement: These new coronaviruses originated from bats. Scientists suspect that they are not harmful to humans, but they still cannot take any chances.

However, scientists still need to be extremely careful.

---Great transition sentence!

It is said that not only COVID-19 but every three out of four viruses originated from animals, especially bats.
---Edited for sentence structure: It is said that not only COVID-19 originated from animals, but also three out of four viruses did as well, specifically bats.

However, this type of result is not surprising to scientists, as it is predicted that there are 150 coronaviruses around the world.

---Great concluding sentence!

Source: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/smithsonian-scientists-discover-six-new-coronaviruses-bats-myanmar-180974657/




Original Article:
In Myanmar, Researchers recently discovered 6 new coronaviruses, the same family as the current COVID-19 virus. These new coronaviruses originated from bats, and they suspect that they are not harmful to humans, but they still can not take any chances. However, scientists still need to be extremely careful. It is said that not only COVID-19 but every three out of four viruses originated from animals, especially bats. However, this type of result is not surprising to scientists, as it is predicted that there are 150 coronaviruses around the world.


Edited Article:
In Myanmar, researchers recently discovered six new strands of teh coronavirus in the same family as the current COVID-19 virus. These new coronaviruses originated from bats. Scientists suspect that they are not harmful to humans, but they still cannot take any chances. However, scientists still need to be extremely careful. It is said that not only COVID-19 originated from animals, but also three out of four viruses did as well, specifically bats. However, this type of result is not surprising to scientists, as it is predicted that there are 150 coronaviruses around the world.


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Do Face Masks Really Help?

With COVID-19 being a pandemic, killing thousands of people, most are trying ways to prevent ways to contract the virus or spread it to other people.

---Edited for grammar: With COVID-19 being a pandemic and killing thousands of people, most people are trying new ways to prevent the contraction of the virus or the spread of it to other people.

One of the common ways is wearing a face mask when going outside.

---Great sentence!

Face masks are not completely ineffective, preventing virus fluid from entering your nose and mouth.

---Edited for sentence clarity: Face masks are not completely ineffective, seeing as they prevent the virus from entering the nose or mouth.

They also serve as a great reminder to not touch your face. If you are sick, it helps other people from getting infected as it keeps infected fluid inside your body.

---Combined two sentences: They also serve as a great reminder to not tough your face, and if you are sick, they help prevent other people from getting infected because it keeps infected fluid inside your body.

However, you aren't completely invincible. There is still a chance you can contract the virus even with N95 masks, which is more effective in stopping air particles.

---Combined two sentences: However, no one is completely invincible; there is still a chance you can contract the virus even with face masks, which is more effective in stopping air particles.

For now, all we can do is to social distance, wash our hands, and to stop touching our faces.

---Edited for grammar: For now, all we can do is social distance, wash our hands and stop touching our faces.

Source: https://www.popsci.com/story/health/do-face-masks-work/


Original Article:
With COVID-19 being a pandemic, killing thousands of people, most are trying ways to prevent ways to contract the virus or spread it to other people. One of the common ways is wearing a face mask when going outside. Face masks are not completely ineffective, preventing virus fluid from entering your nose and mouth. They also serve as a great reminder to not touch your face. If you are sick, it helps other people from getting infected as it keeps infected fluid inside your body. However, you aren't completely invincible. There is still a chance you can contract the virus even with N95 masks, which is more effective in stopping air particles. For now, all we can do is to social distance, wash our hands, and to stop touching our faces.


Edited Article:
With COVID-19 being a pandemic and killing thousands of people, most people are trying new ways to prevent the contraction of the virus or the spread of it to other people. One of the common ways is wearing a face mask when going outside. Face masks are not completely ineffective, seeing as they prevent the virus from entering the nose or mouth. They also serve as a great reminder to not tough your face, and if you are sick, they help prevent other people from getting infected because it keeps infected fluid inside your body. However, no one is completely invincible; there is still a chance you can contract the virus even with face masks, which is more effective in stopping air particles. For now, all we can do is social distance, wash our hands and stop touching our faces.


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Robot Dogs Learns New Tricks by Observing the Real Dogs

Researchers from Google have started to use data from actual dogs to help their robot dogs do simple dog tasks.

---Good opening sentence!

This includes running like dogs or chasing their tails.

---Edited for word choice: This experiment includes running or chasing their tails.

There have been multiple types of robots that have conquered great feats of agility or athleticism.

---Another great sentence!

However, it is still hard to program robot dogs to be like actual dogs since robots are way less flexible than their real-life counterparts.

---A great fact!

In the end, they were able to recreate walking and spinning, but still have not recreated quick acts, like running or jumping. That can all come in the near future.

---Edited for grammar:In the end, scientists were able to recreate walking and spinning in the robot dogs but still have not recreated quick acts like running or jumping, which can come in the future.

Source: https://www.popsci.com/story/technology/google-dog-robot/


Original Article:
Researchers from Google have started to use data from actual dogs to help their robot dogs do simple dog tasks. This includes running like dogs or chasing their tails. There have been multiple types of robots that have conquered great feats of agility or athleticism. However, it is still hard to program robot dogs to be like actual dogs since robots are way less flexible than their real-life counterparts. In the end, they were able to recreate walking and spinning, but still have not recreated quick acts, like running or jumping. That can all come in the near future.


Edited Article:
Researchers from Google have started to use data from actual dogs to help their robot dogs do simple dog tasks. This experiment includes running or chasing their tails. There have been multiple types of robots that have conquered great feats of agility or athleticism. However, it is still hard to program robot dogs to be like actual dogs since robots are way less flexible than their real-life counterparts. In the end, scientists were able to recreate walking and spinning in the robot dogs but still have not recreated quick acts like running or jumping, which can come in the future.


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New Discovery of Dinosaur DNA

DNA or any other Genetic Material is not meant to last long. It begins to decay right after death. However, in a 2012 study, it is said that DNA in a Moa's bones only halves itself every 521 years, meaning it slowly deteriorates. Recently, some scientist has found evidence of a chemical signature that is similar to DNA in fossils. If receiving genetic material like this is possible, this could open a huge amount of possibilities and help provide information on recently extinct animals. It is only a matter of time until scientists perfect and confirm these genetic traces.

Source: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/possible-dinosaur-dna-has-been-found/#


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The Environmental Effect of COVD-19

Recently, it has been said that COVID-19 has had a positive effect. A lot of the population is currently social distancing and self-isolating in their homes, waiting out the virus. This means that humans will not have as much effect on the environment because we are all staying home. Orbital Instruments from space observed that the NO2 levels in China have dropped substantially. NO2 is a pollutant and harmful gas emitted by cars or power plants. This phenomenon isn't only happening around China, but occurring around the entire world.

Source: https://www.livescience.com/coronavirus-changes-pollution-over-china.html


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A Bee That's Half-Male, Half-Female

A scientist by the name of Erin Krichilsky found a bee with interesting characteristics. On the right side of its body was the characteristics of a female bee and on the left side was the characteristics of a male bee. This bee was apparently an extremely rare gynandromorph or an animal that contains both female and male characteristics that are observable. The characteristics were exactly symmetrical, making it obvious that it was a gynandromorph. Apparently, these type of occasions occurs if a second sperm cell can find its way into an already fertilized egg, however, it isn't completely confirmed if they dissect the bee itself and researching it.

Source: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/meet-bee-body-s-half-male-half-female-180974553/


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The Mystery of a Narwhal Tusk

Many assume that the tusk or horn of a Narwhal is used as a weapon, but scientists are now claiming that these tusks can be used as a mating signal.

---Great sentence! Edited for word choice and capitalization; remember we don’t capitalize a word unless it is a proper noun!: Many people assume that a narwhal uses its tusk or horn as a weapon but scientists are now claiming that the tusks can be used as a mating signal.

Not much is known about a Narwhal tusk because it is hard to study them in the wild.

---Good! Again, edited for improper capitalization: Not much is known about a narwhal tusk because it is hard to study the narwhal in the wild.

They decided to compare the overall whale size to the tusk size in order to provide evidence, depending on the disproportionate growth of the sexual trait.
---Edited for word choice: Scientists decided to compare the overall narwhal size to the tusk size in order to provide evidence, and the comparison depended on the disproportionate growth of the sexual trait.

Scientists studied 250 male narwhals, finding out that males of the same size had varied tusk sizes from a foot to at least 8 feet.

---Edited for word choice: Scientists studied 250 male narwhals and discovered that males of the same size had tusk size that varied from a foot to more than eight feet.

This may be evidence for a communication structure, but since it has been observed that there are scars on narwhals, there is always the chance that it has been used as a weapon.

---Great concluding sentence!

Source: https://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/whats-a-narwhals-tusk-for/


Original Paragraph:

Many assume that the tusk or horn of a Narwhal is used as a weapon, but scientists are now claiming that these tusks can be used as a mating signal. Not much is known about a Narwhal tusk because it is hard to study them in the wild. They decided to compare the overall whale size to the tusk size in order to provide evidence, depending on the disproportionate growth of the sexual trait. Scientists studied 250 male narwhals, finding out that males of the same size had varied tusk sizes from a foot to at least 8 feet. This may be evidence for a communication structure, but since it has been observed that there are scars on narwhals, there is always the chance that it has been used as a weapon.


Edited Paragraph:

Many people assume that a narwhal uses its tusk or horn as a weapon but scientists are now claiming that the tusks can be used as a mating signal. Not much is known about a narwhal tusk because it is hard to study the narwhal in the wild. Scientists decided to compare the overall narwhal size to the tusk size in order to provide evidence, and the comparison depended on the disproportionate growth of the sexual trait.Scientists studied 250 male narwhals and discovered that males of the same size had tusk size that varied from a foot to more than eight feet. This may be evidence for a communication structure, but since it has been observed that there are scars on narwhals, there is always the chance that it has been used as a weapon.


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Jellyfish Give a Toxic Sting Without Tentacles

If you have ever gotten out of the water from a swim at the beach, you may have experienced a strange itchy or burning feeling. It is called stinging water and the cause is still unknown; however, scientists may have an answer. They believe a type of jellyfish called the Cassiopea might be the suspect of the stinging water. These jellyfish have a soft, and circular body with tentacles floating above them. They sting their victims by releasing mucus into the water, but scientists have never explored what in the mucus is causing the irritation. The plumes of mucus that are released have tiny spheres and are covered nematocysts, which regular jellyfish stinging cells have. Studying this animal can lead to and understanding the biological process which can both help humans and animals.

Source: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/cause-mystery-stings-ocean-confirmed-180974198/

The Future is here: DNA Data Storage

DNA Data storage systems sound fictional or an invention to be made in the future; however, scientists have somehow made DNA data storage possible. Currently, humans are producing massive amounts of DNA and soon enough, our data storage will not be able to handle that much data. However, DNA can be used to store 215 petabytes, or 215 million gigabytes each gram. This is possible because scientist encodes data in the four Nucledtide bases, A, T, C, and G. Using these bases, a DNA strand is synthesized and stored in a special bottle and will be decoded for data if needed once again. This technology is not ready because of the cost and the speed of the data transfer. It costs about $7,000 only to synthesize two megabytes of DNA and it is extremely slow to code and decode the DNA back into data. Hopefully, this technology improves and only pushes the way forward for the usage of DNA.

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/03/dna-could-store-all-worlds-data-one-room

A Decrease in History Majors

In the past few years, there has been a decrease in the number of people majoring in history. In 2008, there were about 35,000+ people majoring in history but in 2017, there are only 20,000+ majoring in history. People are avoiding the history major because adults and students alike are preferring to take high-paying jobs instead of jobs they enjoy. Students and parents are deciding to major in something more simple and majoring in subjects that include STEM. In order to increase the number of history majors, people are working to prove myths and facts about the history and are arguing they need people that are sharp eyes, and with a perspective on the future, like historians.

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/why-people-major-history-180970913/

The Voice of a 3,000-year-old Mummy

Recently, scientists from universities in England have recreated the voice of a 3,000-year-old ancient Egyptian priest mummy, Nesayamun. By using 3D printing, medical scanners, and an electronic larynx, they managed to replicate a single vowel sound. They had to take exact measurements of the larynx and throat by using a non-destructive CT scan. However, scientists were not able to get an exact replica of the sound because the tongue had deteriorated over the 3,000 year time period. Nonetheless, this technology has helped in developments to hear vocal tracts from someone long dead.

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/01/24/scientists-recreate-voice-ancient-egyptian-mummy/4557044002/

A 500 Year in the Making Exhibition

An ongoing exhibition at Manhattan’s Grolier Club is containing five hundred years’ worth of women’s works, celebrating the ignored history of women. All 200 of these letters, books, and journals were compiled by Lisa Unger Balkins. This never before seen exhibition contains works from famous names like Harriet Beecher Stowe, Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Emmeline Pankhurst. Inspired by Baskin’s collection, the Grolier Club continues to show these works and include any and all women within the amount selected. The producers of this event decided they wanted to bring to light the untold stories of ordinary women in history.

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/long-last-exhibition-celebrates-centuries-women-work-180974022/

Daily Dose of Internet

A youtube channel going by the name of "Daily Dose of Internet" is growing exponentially and currently has six million subscribers on Youtube. The owner of the channel, Jason Gryniewicz, had decided to post a video of random clips he had found on the internet. It currently has 3.5 million views and several thousand likes. From this point, he posted videos of random things you might find on the internet. Gryniewicz's videos consist of flaming burgers, sharks that glow in the dark, 3D printed steaks, and so on. It's interesting what you might find.

Source: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCdC0An4ZPNr_YiFiYoVbwaw/videos