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'''Amy's Article Summary Page'''  
 
'''Amy's Article Summary Page'''  
 
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<br>'''Hi Amy! As I was going through your article summaries, I noticed that you have been plagiarizing quite a bit of work. Plagiarism is taking someone else's words and using them as your own in a publication. Instead of taking sentences directly from the article, summarize what the article is saying. Not only will this make your article shorter, but it also helps you grow as a writer! From now on, I am going to check each article summary for plagiarism before doing any editing. You are a great writer! Show the world what you can do!'''
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<br><br>'''The Science Behind Why Plants are Green'''
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When sunlight shines on a leaf, it changes rapidly, this is because plants have to protect themselves from the ensuing sudden surges of solar energy. To cope with these changes, plants have been able to develop many tatics. Scientists have been trying to observe plants in order to see how they become green they have observed that by absorbing only very specific colors of light, photosynthetic organisms may automatically protect themselves against sudden changes in solar energy. This results in remarkably efficient power conversion. Those scientists were then able to show that the plant worked in other photosynthetic organisms besides green plants, and that the model identified a general and fundamental property of photosynthetic light harvesting. "Our study shows how, by choosing where you absorb solar energy in relation to the incident solar spectrum, you can minimize the noise on the output information that can be used to enhance the performance of solar cells." Coauthor Rienk van Grondelle, a physicist at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in the Netherlands who works on the physical processes of photosynthesis, said that they have found the absorption spectra of certain photosynthetic systems select certain spectral excitation regions that cancel the noise and maximize the energy stored. In photosynthesis, if the flow of solar power into the light harvesting network is significantly larger than the flow out, the photosynthetic network must adapt to reduce the sudden over-flow of energy. This was said to be one of the rules in photosynthetic life. Scientists have noted that over the last several decades, photosynthesis research has focused mainly on the structure and function of the microscopic components of the photosynthetic process. Through the studies of the scientists, closely observing photosynthetic plants, we are able to now know why some plants give off a green color.
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Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/06/200625144900.htm
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<br><br>'''The Existence of Mangroves Might Come to an End with These Rising Sea Levels'''
 
<br><br>'''The Existence of Mangroves Might Come to an End with These Rising Sea Levels'''

Revision as of 04:40, 27 June 2020

Amy's Article Summary Page


The Science Behind Why Plants are Green

When sunlight shines on a leaf, it changes rapidly, this is because plants have to protect themselves from the ensuing sudden surges of solar energy. To cope with these changes, plants have been able to develop many tatics. Scientists have been trying to observe plants in order to see how they become green they have observed that by absorbing only very specific colors of light, photosynthetic organisms may automatically protect themselves against sudden changes in solar energy. This results in remarkably efficient power conversion. Those scientists were then able to show that the plant worked in other photosynthetic organisms besides green plants, and that the model identified a general and fundamental property of photosynthetic light harvesting. "Our study shows how, by choosing where you absorb solar energy in relation to the incident solar spectrum, you can minimize the noise on the output information that can be used to enhance the performance of solar cells." Coauthor Rienk van Grondelle, a physicist at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in the Netherlands who works on the physical processes of photosynthesis, said that they have found the absorption spectra of certain photosynthetic systems select certain spectral excitation regions that cancel the noise and maximize the energy stored. In photosynthesis, if the flow of solar power into the light harvesting network is significantly larger than the flow out, the photosynthetic network must adapt to reduce the sudden over-flow of energy. This was said to be one of the rules in photosynthetic life. Scientists have noted that over the last several decades, photosynthesis research has focused mainly on the structure and function of the microscopic components of the photosynthetic process. Through the studies of the scientists, closely observing photosynthetic plants, we are able to now know why some plants give off a green color.


Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/06/200625144900.htm




The Existence of Mangroves Might Come to an End with These Rising Sea Levels

If we don’t curb fossil fuel emissions, mangroves around the world will be drowned by rapidly rising seas, researchers reported June 4 in the journal Science. The team concluded that there’s only a 6.2 percent chance that mangroves will be able to keep growing without being overtaken by the encroaching water by 2050. Rates of sea level rise in many tropical coastlines are going to exceed 7 millimeters per year in, so there’s a very low probability that they’ll be able to sustain growth. Mangrove trees and shrubs grow along tropical and subtropical coastlines across the Americas, Asia, Africa, and Australasia. “Under low to moderate rates of sea level rise they are able to ‘keep pace’ with sea level rise, literally by building up the land surface,” Neil Saintilan, an ecologist at Macquarie University in Australia and a coauthor on the study, said in an email. Saintilan, Ashe, and their colleagues wanted to determine the threshold at which mangroves become unable to cope with rapidly rising seas. “Generally, as sea level [rise] decelerated we would see these mangroves take hold,” Ashe says.She and her team found that, on average, when the seas rise more quickly than 6.1 millimeters per year, there’s a roughly 90 percent chance that mangroves will be unable to keep growing. Once this rate surpasses 7.6 millimeters per year, there’s a 95 percent chance that mangroves will be outpaced by the rising water.The world’s seas are currently rising at an average pace of 3.4 millimeters per year. And by significantly cutting greenhouse gas emissions, Ashe says, we can keep the rate of sea level rise below the threshold where it will overtake mangroves in many areas.“We have demonstrated that mangroves can largely survive the rates of sea-level rise projected under the low emissions scenarios that we expect to occur if greenhouse gas emissions are controlled. Because of the rising sea levels the existence of Mangroves might come to an unfortunate end.

Source: https://www.popsci.com/story/health/mangrove-trees-climate-change/

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Bumblebees Are Speeding Up Flowering

These types of seasonal anomalies are becoming increasingly frequent due to climate change, and the resulting uncertainty threatens to disrupt the timing of mutualistic relationships between plants and their insect pollinators.

---Edited for sentence clarity: Seasonal anomalies are becoming increasingly frequent due to climate change, and the resulting uncertainty threatens to disrupt the timing of mutualistic relationships between plants and their insect pollinators.

A research team led by ETH Professors Consuelo De Moraes and Mark Mescher has now discovered that one peculiar bumblebee behavior may help to overcome such challenges by facilitating coordination between the bees and the plants they pollinate.

---Edited fro mechanics: A research team led by ETH professors Consuelo De Moraes and Mark Mescher has now discovered that one peculiar bumblebee behavior may help to overcome such challenges by facilitating coordination between the bees and the plants they pollinate.

The group has found that bumblebee workers use their mouth parts to pinch into the leaves of plants that haven't flowered yet, and that the resulting damage stimulates the production of new flowers that bloom earlier than those on plants that haven't been given this "nudge."

---Edited for grammar: The group has found that bumblebee workers use their mouth parts to pinch into the leaves of plants that haven't flowered yet, and the resulting damage stimulates the production of new flowers that bloom earlier than those on plants that haven't been given this "nudge".

Their study has just been published in the journal Science.

Edited for grammar: Their study has just been published in Journal Science.

"Previous work has shown that various kinds of stress can induce plants to flower, but the role of bee-inflicted damage in accelerating flower production was unexpected," Mescher says.

---Great quote!

The researchers first noticed the behavior during other experiments being undertaken by one of the authors, Foteini Pashalidou: pollinators were biting the leaves of test plants in the greenhouse.

---Edited for grammar: The researchers first noticed the behavior during other experiments being undertaken by one of the authors, Foteini Pashalidou; pollinators were biting the leaves of test plants in the greenhouse.

"On further investigation, we found that others had also observed such behaviors, but no one had explored what the bees were doing to the plants or reported an effect on flower production," Mescher explains.

---Great quote!

Following up on their observations, the ETH researchers devised several new laboratory experiments, and also conducted outdoor studies using commercially available bumblebee colonies -- typically sold for the pollination of agricultural crops -- and a variety of plant species.

---Edited for grammar: Following up on their observations, the ETH researchers devised several new laboratory experiments and also conducted outdoor studies using commercially available bumblebee colonies, typically sold for the pollination of agricultural crops, and a variety of plant species.

Based on their lab studies, the researchers were able to show that the bumblebees' propensity to damage leaves has a strong correlation with the amount of pollen they can obtain: Bees damage leaves much more frequently when there is little or no pollen available to them.

---Edited for grammar: Based on their lab studies, the researchers were able to show that the bumblebees' propensity to damage leaves has a strong correlation with the amount of pollen they can obtain; bees damage leaves much more frequently when there is little or no pollen available to them.

They also found that damage inflicted on plant leaves had dramatic effects on flowering time in two different plant species.

---Great sentence!

Tomato plants subjected to bumblebee biting flowered up to 30 days earlier than those that hadn't been targeted, while mustard plants flowered about 14 days earlier when damaged by the bees.

---Another great sentence!!

"The bee damage had a dramatic influence on the flowering of the plants -- one that has never been described before," De Moraes says.

---Another great quote!

Bees speeding up flowering is causing many problems for plants.

---Great concluding sentence! Great work on this summary!

Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/05/200526134651.htm


Original Article:
These types of seasonal anomalies are becoming increasingly frequent due to climate change, and the resulting uncertainty threatens to disrupt the timing of mutualistic relationships between plants and their insect pollinators.A research team led by ETH Professors Consuelo De Moraes and Mark Mescher has now discovered that one peculiar bumblebee behavior may help to overcome such challenges by facilitating coordination between the bees and the plants they pollinate. The group has found that bumblebee workers use their mouth parts to pinch into the leaves of plants that haven't flowered yet, and that the resulting damage stimulates the production of new flowers that bloom earlier than those on plants that haven't been given this "nudge."Their study has just been published in the journal Science. "Previous work has shown that various kinds of stress can induce plants to flower, but the role of bee-inflicted damage in accelerating flower production was unexpected," Mescher says. The researchers first noticed the behavior during other experiments being undertaken by one of the authors, Foteini Pashalidou: pollinators were biting the leaves of test plants in the greenhouse. "On further investigation, we found that others had also observed such behaviors, but no one had explored what the bees were doing to the plants or reported an effect on flower production," Mescher explains.Following up on their observations, the ETH researchers devised several new laboratory experiments, and also conducted outdoor studies using commercially available bumblebee colonies -- typically sold for the pollination of agricultural crops -- and a variety of plant species.Based on their lab studies, the researchers were able to show that the bumblebees' propensity to damage leaves has a strong correlation with the amount of pollen they can obtain: Bees damage leaves much more frequently when there is little or no pollen available to them. They also found that damage inflicted on plant leaves had dramatic effects on flowering time in two different plant species. Tomato plants subjected to bumblebee biting flowered up to 30 days earlier than those that hadn't been targeted, while mustard plants flowered about 14 days earlier when damaged by the bees."The bee damage had a dramatic influence on the flowering of the plants -- one that has never been described before," De Moraes says. Bees speeding up flowering is causing many problems to plants.


Edited Article:
Seasonal anomalies are becoming increasingly frequent due to climate change, and the resulting uncertainty threatens to disrupt the timing of mutualistic relationships between plants and their insect pollinators. A research team led by ETH professors Consuelo De Moraes and Mark Mescher has now discovered that one peculiar bumblebee behavior may help to overcome such challenges by facilitating coordination between the bees and the plants they pollinate. The group has found that bumblebee workers use their mouth parts to pinch into the leaves of plants that haven't flowered yet, and the resulting damage stimulates the production of new flowers that bloom earlier than those on plants that haven't been given this "nudge". Their study has just been published in Journal Science. "Previous work has shown that various kinds of stress can induce plants to flower, but the role of bee-inflicted damage in accelerating flower production was unexpected," Mescher says. The researchers first noticed the behavior during other experiments being undertaken by one of the authors, Foteini Pashalidou; pollinators were biting the leaves of test plants in the greenhouse. "On further investigation, we found that others had also observed such behaviors, but no one had explored what the bees were doing to the plants or reported an effect on flower production," Mescher explains. Following up on their observations, the ETH researchers devised several new laboratory experiments and also conducted outdoor studies using commercially available bumblebee colonies, typically sold for the pollination of agricultural crops, and a variety of plant species. Based on their lab studies, the researchers were able to show that the bumblebees' propensity to damage leaves has a strong correlation with the amount of pollen they can obtain; bees damage leaves much more frequently when there is little or no pollen available to them. They also found that damage inflicted on plant leaves had dramatic effects on flowering time in two different plant species. Tomato plants subjected to bumblebee biting flowered up to 30 days earlier than those that hadn't been targeted, while mustard plants flowered about 14 days earlier when damaged by the bees. "The bee damage had a dramatic influence on the flowering of the plants -- one that has never been described before," De Moraes says. Bees speeding up flowering is causing many problems for plants.


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Data Shows Us That Hurricanes Are getting Stronger

"Through modeling and our understanding of atmospheric physics, the study agrees with what we would expect to see in a warming climate like ours," says James Kossin, a NOAA scientist based at UW-Madison and lead author of the paper, which is published today (May 18, 2020) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

---Great opening sentence! Edited for grammar:"Through modeling and our understanding of atmospheric physics, the study agrees with what we would expect to see in a warming climate like ours," says James Kossin, a NOAA scientist based at UW-Madison and lead author of the paper, which was published May 18, 2020 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The research builds on Kossin's previous work, published in 2013, which identified trends in hurricane intensification across a 28-year data set.

---Great sentence!

However, says Kossin, that timespan was less conclusive and required more hurricane case studies to demonstrate statistically significant results.

Edited for sentence clarity: However, that timespan was less conclusive and required more hurricane case studies to demonstrate statistically significant results, says Kossin.

To increase confidence in the results, the researchers extended the study to include global hurricane data from 1979-2017.

---Great sentence!

Using analytical techniques, including the CIMSS Advanced Dvorak Technique that relies on infrared temperature measurements from geostationary satellites to estimate hurricane intensity, Kossin and his colleagues were able to create a more uniform data set with which to identify trends.

---Great information!

"The main hurdle we have for finding trends is that the data are collected using the best technology at the time," says Kossin.

---Quotes are always great to include in your articles!

"Every year the data are a bit different than last year, each new satellite has new tools and captures data in different ways, so in the end we have a patchwork quilt of all the satellite data that have been woven together."

---Quotes are always great to include in your articles!

Kossin's previous research has shown other changes in hurricane behavior over the decades, such as where they travel and how fast they move.

What a great article! I am very proud of your work here!!

Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/05/200518154948.htm


Original Article:
"Through modeling and our understanding of atmospheric physics, the study agrees with what we would expect to see in a warming climate like ours," says James Kossin, a NOAA scientist based at UW-Madison and lead author of the paper, which is published today (May 18, 2020) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.The research builds on Kossin's previous work, published in 2013, which identified trends in hurricane intensification across a 28-year data set. However, says Kossin, that timespan was less conclusive and required more hurricane case studies to demonstrate statistically significant results.To increase confidence in the results, the researchers extended the study to include global hurricane data from 1979-2017. Using analytical techniques, including the CIMSS Advanced Dvorak Technique that relies on infrared temperature measurements from geostationary satellites to estimate hurricane intensity, Kossin and his colleagues were able to create a more uniform data set with which to identify trends."The main hurdle we have for finding trends is that the data are collected using the best technology at the time," says Kossin. "Every year the data are a bit different than last year, each new satellite has new tools and captures data in different ways, so in the end we have a patchwork quilt of all the satellite data that have been woven together."Kossin's previous research has shown other changes in hurricane behavior over the decades, such as where they travel and how fast they move.


Edited Article:
Through modeling and our understanding of atmospheric physics, the study agrees with what we would expect to see in a warming climate like ours," says James Kossin, a NOAA scientist based at UW-Madison and lead author of the paper, which was published May 18, 2020 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The research builds on Kossin's previous work, published in 2013, which identified trends in hurricane intensification across a 28-year data set. However, that timespan was less conclusive and required more hurricane case studies to demonstrate statistically significant results, says Kossin. To increase confidence in the results, the researchers extended the study to include global hurricane data from 1979-2017. Using analytical techniques, including the CIMSS Advanced Dvorak Technique that relies on infrared temperature measurements from geostationary satellites to estimate hurricane intensity, Kossin and his colleagues were able to create a more uniform data set with which to identify trends. "The main hurdle we have for finding trends is that the data are collected using the best technology at the time," says Kossin. "Every year the data are a bit different than last year, each new satellite has new tools and captures data in different ways, so in the end we have a patchwork quilt of all the satellite data that have been woven together." Kossin's previous research has shown other changes in hurricane behavior over the decades, such as where they travel and how fast they move.

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Blue-Green Algae Patch Heals Wounds Quickly

To improve oxygen delivery into the skin, researchers at Nanjing University in China developed a wound patch filled with living Synechococcus elongatus bacteria – more commonly known as blue-green algae – that naturally produce oxygen in the presence of sunlight via the process of photosynthesis.

---Amazing first sentence! Edited for grammar: To improve oxygen delivery into the skin, researchers at Nanjing University in China developed a wound patch filled with living Synechococcus elongatus bacteria, more commonly known as blue-green algae, that naturally produce oxygen in the presence of sunlight via the process of photosynthesis.

The researchers compared the effectiveness of the bacterial patch to standard oxygen gas therapy in mice with diabetes that had skin wounds measuring 1 centimetre in diameter.

---Edited for mechanics: The researchers compared the effectiveness of the bacterial patch to standard oxygen gas therapy in mice with diabetes that had skin wounds measuring one centimetre in diameter.

A skin patch made of living blue-green algae speeds up wound healing in mice, and may help to treat chronic wounds in people with diabetes.

---Edited for grammar: A skin patch made of living blue-green algae speeds up wound healing in mice and may help to treat chronic wounds in people with diabetes.

The wound patch also contained hydrogel beads designed to soak up oxygen produced by the bacteria and carry it deep into the skin by seeping into sweat ducts and hair follicles.

---Great sentence!

The superior performance of the bacterial patch seemed to be related to better oxygen delivery, as it was found to carry about 100 times more oxygen into the mouse skin than oxygen gas.

---Great concluding sentence!

Source: https://www.newscientist.com/article/2243352-wound-healing-patch-of-blue-green-algae-mends-skin-quickly/


Original Article:
To improve oxygen delivery into the skin, researchers at Nanjing University in China developed a wound patch filled with living Synechococcus elongatus bacteria – more commonly known as blue-green algae – that naturally produce oxygen in the presence of sunlight via the process of photosynthesis. The researchers compared the effectiveness of the bacterial patch to standard oxygen gas therapy in mice with diabetes that had skin wounds measuring 1 centimetre in diameter. A skin patch made of living blue-green algae speeds up wound healing in mice, and may help to treat chronic wounds in people with diabetes. The wound patch also contained hydrogel beads designed to soak up oxygen produced by the bacteria and carry it deep into the skin by seeping into sweat ducts and hair follicles. The superior performance of the bacterial patch seemed to be related to better oxygen delivery, as it was found to carry about 100 times more oxygen into the mouse skin than oxygen gas.


Edited Article:
To improve oxygen delivery into the skin, researchers at Nanjing University in China developed a wound patch filled with living Synechococcus elongatus bacteria, more commonly known as blue-green algae, that naturally produce oxygen in the presence of sunlight via the process of photosynthesis. The researchers compared the effectiveness of the bacterial patch to standard oxygen gas therapy in mice with diabetes that had skin wounds measuring one centimetre in diameter. A skin patch made of living blue-green algae speeds up wound healing in mice and may help to treat chronic wounds in people with diabetes. The wound patch also contained hydrogel beads designed to soak up oxygen produced by the bacteria and carry it deep into the skin by seeping into sweat ducts and hair follicles. The superior performance of the bacterial patch seemed to be related to better oxygen delivery, as it was found to carry about 100 times more oxygen into the mouse skin than oxygen gas.


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Closest Black Hole to Earth is Found

A team of astronomers from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and other institutes has discovered a black hole lying just 1000 light-years from Earth.

---Edited for grammar: A team of astronomers from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and other institutes have discovered a black hole lying just 1000 light-years from Earth.

They say this system could just be the tip of the iceberg, as many more similar black holes could be found in the future.

---Great sentence!

This was only possible thanks to ESO's pioneering service-observing scheme under which observations are made by ESO staff on behalf of the scientists needing them.

---Another great sentence!

"The hidden black hole in HR 6819 is one of the very first stellar-mass black holes found that do not interact violently with their environment and, therefore, appear truly black.

---A great quote!

"An invisible object with a mass at least 4 times that of the Sun can only be a black hole," concludes Rivinius, who is based in Chile.

Edited for mechanics: An invisible object with a mass at least 4 times that of the Sun can only be a black hole," concluded Rivinius, a scientist based in Chile.

Astronomers have spotted only a couple of dozen black holes in our galaxy to date, nearly all of which strongly interact with their environment and make their presence known by releasing powerful X-rays in this interaction.

---Great sentence!

Some astronomers believe that the mergers can happen in systems with a similar configuration to HR 6819 or LB-1, but where the inner pair is made up of two black holes or of a black hole and a neutron star.

---Edited for grammar:Some astronomers believe that the mergers can happen in systems with a similar configuration to HR 6819 or LB-1, but it is where the inner pair is made up of two black holes or of a black hole and a neutron star.

Although HR 6819 and LB-1 have only one black hole and no neutron stars, these systems could help scientists understand how stellar collisions can happen in triple star systems.

---Great sentence!

This research was presented in the paper "A naked-eye triple system with a non-accreting black hole in the inner binary," published today in Astronomy & Astrophysics.

Edited for grammar: This research was presented in the paper "A Naked-Eye Triple System with a Non-Accrediting Black Hole in the Inner Binary", published in Astronomy & Astrophysics.

Source:https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/05/200506091537.htm


Original Article:
A team of astronomers from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and other institutes has discovered a black hole lying just 1000 light-years from Earth. They say this system could just be the tip of the iceberg, as many more similar black holes could be found in the future. This was only possible thanks to ESO's pioneering service-observing scheme under which observations are made by ESO staff on behalf of the scientists needing them."The hidden black hole in HR 6819 is one of the very first stellar-mass black holes found that do not interact violently with their environment and, therefore, appear truly black. "An invisible object with a mass at least 4 times that of the Sun can only be a black hole," concludes Rivinius, who is based in Chile.Astronomers have spotted only a couple of dozen black holes in our galaxy to date, nearly all of which strongly interact with their environment and make their presence known by releasing powerful X-rays in this interaction. Some astronomers believe that the mergers can happen in systems with a similar configuration to HR 6819 or LB-1, but where the inner pair is made up of two black holes or of a black hole and a neutron star. Although HR 6819 and LB-1 have only one black hole and no neutron stars, these systems could help scientists understand how stellar collisions can happen in triple star systems.This research was presented in the paper "A naked-eye triple system with a non-accreting black hole in the inner binary," published today in Astronomy & Astrophysics.


Edited Article:
A team of astronomers from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and other institutes have discovered a black hole lying just 1000 light-years from Earth. They say this system could just be the tip of the iceberg, as many more similar black holes could be found in the future. This was only possible thanks to ESO's pioneering service-observing scheme under which observations are made by ESO staff on behalf of the scientists needing them. "The hidden black hole in HR 6819 is one of the very first stellar-mass black holes found that do not interact violently with their environment and, therefore, appear truly black. An invisible object with a mass at least 4 times that of the Sun can only be a black hole," concluded Rivinius, a scientist based in Chile. Astronomers have spotted only a couple of dozen black holes in our galaxy to date, nearly all of which strongly interact with their environment and make their presence known by releasing powerful X-rays in this interaction. Some astronomers believe that the mergers can happen in systems with a similar configuration to HR 6819 or LB-1, but it is where the inner pair is made up of two black holes or of a black hole and a neutron star. Although HR 6819 and LB-1 have only one black hole and no neutron stars, these systems could help scientists understand how stellar collisions can happen in triple star systems. This research was presented in the paper "A Naked-Eye Triple System with a Non-Accrediting Black Hole in the Inner Binary", published in Astronomy & Astrophysics.


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Is the Sun Now Lazy and Boring?

A recent study suggests that, as far as sun-like stars go, our own sun is a bit of a layabout.

---Great opening sentence!

In a study published this week in the journal Science, researchers compared our sun to 369 stars deemed similar to the one at the center of our own solar system—ones that take between 20 and 30 days to rotate on their axes, along with having comparable chemical compositions, masses, ages, and surface temperatures.

---Edited for grammar: In a study published this week in The Journal Science, researchers compared our sun to 369 stars deemed similar to the one at the center of our solar system--ones that take between 20 and 30 days to rotate on their axis along with having comparable chemical compositions, masses, ages, and surface temperatures.

"We were very surprised that most of the sun-like stars are so much more active than the sun," study author Alexander Shapiro of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research said in a statement.

---Edited for word usage: "We were very surprised that most of the sun-like stars are so much more active than the sun," said author Alexander Shapiro of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research said in a statement.

Big bursts of cosmic radiation don’t make life easier for anyone, so it’s possible Earth has benefited greatly from the sun’s relative laziness.

---Great sentence!

“A ‘too active’ star would definitively change the conditions for life on the planet, so living with a quite boring star is not the worst option,” lead author and Max Planck astronomer Timo Reinhold told Reuters.

---This is a great quote!

That means it’s technically possible that the star will perk back up at some later date, but the study authors suspect a different explanation: The sun is getting on in years, and life on Earth has benefited greatly from its dotage.

---Edited for grammar:That means it’s technically possible that the star will perk back up at some later date, but the study authors suspect a different explanation: the sun is getting on in years, and life on Earth has benefited greatly from its dotage.

Source: https://www.popsci.com/story/space/sun-low-activity-star/,


Original Article:
A recent study suggests that, as far as sun-like stars go, our own sun is a bit of a layabout. In a study published this week in the journal Science, researchers compared our sun to 369 stars deemed similar to the one at the center of our own solar system—ones that take between 20 and 30 days to rotate on their axes, along with having comparable chemical compositions, masses, ages, and surface temperatures. "We were very surprised that most of the sun-like stars are so much more active than the sun," study author Alexander Shapiro of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research said in a statement. Big bursts of cosmic radiation don’t make life easier for anyone, so it’s possible Earth has benefited greatly from the sun’s relative laziness. “A ‘too active’ star would definitively change the conditions for life on the planet, so living with a quite boring star is not the worst option,” lead author and Max Planck astronomer Timo Reinhold told Reuters. That means it’s technically possible that the star will perk back up at some later date, but the study authors suspect a different explanation: The sun is getting on in years, and life on Earth has benefited greatly from its dotage.


Edited Article:
A recent study suggests that, as far as sun-like stars go, our own sun is a bit of a layabout. In a study published this week in The Journal Science, researchers compared our sun to 369 stars deemed similar to the one at the center of our solar system--ones that take between 20 and 30 days to rotate on their axis along with having comparable chemical compositions, masses, ages, and surface temperatures. "We were very surprised that most of the sun-like stars are so much more active than the sun," said author Alexander Shapiro of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research said in a statement. Big bursts of cosmic radiation don’t make life easier for anyone, so it’s possible Earth has benefited greatly from the sun’s relative laziness. “A ‘too active’ star would definitively change the conditions for life on the planet, so living with a quite boring star is not the worst option,” lead author and Max Planck astronomer Timo Reinhold told Reuters. That means it’s technically possible that the star will perk back up at some later date, but the study authors suspect a different explanation: the sun is getting on in years, and life on Earth has benefited greatly from its dotage.


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COVID-19 Could Possibly Lead to Suicide

Of all the literary masterpieces describing humanity's experience of disease pandemics, none describes suicide more vividly than Ovid's Metamorphoses, when in response to the psychosocial distress of the plague the citizens "hanged themselves, to kill the fears of death by death's own hand".

---Excellent first sentence idea! Slight change in word choice and the second part of the sentence is edited to not be a fragment: Of all the literary masterpieces describing humanity's experience of disease pandemics, none describe suicide more vividly than Ovid's Metamorphoses because in Ovid's Metamorphoses, the psychological distress of the plague caused the citizens to "[hang] themselves, to kill the fears of death by death's own hand."

Just like a pandemic became a reality for the first time in more than a century, in a destructive "life imitating art imitating life" way, news of suicides linked to the COVID-19 crisis have swept the globe and sadly show no signs of abating.

---Edited for sentence structure: Just like the pandemic became a reality for the first time in over a century, news of suicides linked to the COVID-19 crisis have swept the globe in a destructive "life imitating art imitating life" way and sadly showing no signs of abating.

For example, we should immediately establish mental health initiatives focusing on educating the public and health care workers on how to best deal with the immense pressure and anxiety; this may help minimize the psychosocial toll in these times of crisis.

---Eliminated unnecessary words: We should immediately establish mental health initiatives focusing on educating the public and health care workers on how to best deal with the immense pressure and anxiety of the pandemic; this initiative may help minimize the psychological toll in these times of crisis.

In its simple definition “pandemic” describes the spread of a disease across a large region, but words such as “pandemic,” “plague” and now “coronavirus” are not experienced in a simple way; they come riddled with fear, anxiety, grief and chaos.

---Great sentence!

We should also implement targeted mental health surveillance of populations at risk, including patients with prior mental health diagnosis and the elderly, followed by effective interventions to minimize suicidal ideation.

---A great concluding sentence as well!

Source:https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/covid-19-is-likely-to-lead-to-an-increase-in-suicides/


Original Article:
Of all the literary masterpieces describing humanity’s experience of disease pandemics, none describes suicide more vividly than Ovid's Metamorphoses, when in response to the psychosocial distress of the plague the citizens “hanged themselves, to kill the fears of death by death’s own hand.” Just like a pandemic became a reality for the first time in more than a century, in a destructive "life imitating art imitating life" way, news of suicides linked to the COVID-19 crisis have swept the globe and sadly show no signs of abating. For example, we should immediately establish mental health initiatives focusing on educating the public and health care workers on how to best deal with the immense pressure and anxiety; this may help minimize the psychosocial toll in these times of crisis. In its simple definition “pandemic” describes the spread of a disease across a large region, but words such as “pandemic,” “plague” and now “coronavirus” are not experienced in a simple way; they come riddled with fear, anxiety, grief and chaos. We should also implement targeted mental health surveillance of populations at risk, including patients with prior mental health diagnosis and the elderly, followed by effective interventions to minimize suicidal ideation.


Edited Article:
Of all the literary masterpieces describing humanity's experience of disease pandemics, none describe suicide more vividly than Ovid's Metamorphoses because in Ovid's Metamorphoses, the psychological distress of the plague caused the citizens to "[hang] themselves, to kill the fears of death by death's own hand." Just like the pandemic became a reality for the first time in over a century, news of suicides linked to the COVID-19 crisis have swept the globe in a destructive "life imitating art imitating life" way and sadly showing no signs of abating. We should immediately establish mental health initiatives focusing on educating the public and health care workers on how to best deal with the immense pressure and anxiety of the pandemic; this initiative may help minimize the psychological toll in these times of crisis. In its simple definition “pandemic” describes the spread of a disease across a large region, but words such as “pandemic,” “plague” and now “coronavirus” are not experienced in a simple way; they come riddled with fear, anxiety, grief and chaos. We should also implement targeted mental health surveillance of populations at risk, including patients with prior mental health diagnosis and the elderly, followed by effective interventions to minimize suicidal ideation.


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A New Planet

Scientists discovered the planet, called Kepler-1649c. Kepler is located 300 light-years from Earth is most similar to Earth in size and estimated temperature.

---I combined the first two sentences and edited for grammar mistakes. Remember we only want to have six sentence articles!: Scientist discovered a new planet called Kepler-1649, which is located 300 light years from Earth and is similar to Earth in size and estimated temperature.

This newly found planet is only 1.06 times larger than our own planet. The amount of starlight it receives from its host star is 75% of the amount of light Earth receives from our Sun, meaning the exoplanet's temperature may be similar to our planet's as well.

---Combined the third and fourth sentences: This newly found planet is only 1.06 times larger than our own planet, and the amount of starlight it receives from its host star is 75% of the amount of light Earth receives from our Sun, meaning the exoplanet's temperature may be similar to our planet's as well.

But unlike Earth, it orbits a red dwarf.

---Great sentence!

Though none have been observed in this system, this type of star is known for stellar flare-ups that may make a planet's environment challenging for any potential life.

---More great information!
"This intriguing, distant world gives us even greater hope that a second Earth lies among the stars, waiting to be found," said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington.

---It is great to include information directly from the article! Edited slightly for grammar correction:"'This intriguing, distant world gives us even greater hope that a second Earth lies among the stars, waiting to be found,'" said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington.

"The data gathered by missions like Kepler and our Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite [TESS] will continue to yield amazing discoveries as the science community refines its abilities to look for promising planets year after year."

---Eliminated sentence. Good information! But not necessary to the summary.

There is still much that is unknown about Kepler-1649c, including its atmosphere, which could affect the planet's temperature. Current calculations of the planet's size have significant margins of error, as do all values in astronomy when studying objects so far away. But based on what is known, Kepler-1649c has potential habitable conditions.

---Combined the third to last and last sentences and eliminated the second to last sentence. A great concluding sentence! There is still much that is unknown about Kepler-1649c, including its atmosphere which could affect the planet's temperature, but based on what is known, Kepler-1649c has potential habitable conditions.

Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/04/200416105650.htm



Original Article:
Scientists discovered the planet, called Kepler-1649c. Kepler is located 300 light-years from Earth is most similar to Earth in size and estimated temperature. This newly found planet is only 1.06 times larger than our own planet. The amount of starlight it receives from its host star is 75% of the amount of light Earth receives from our Sun, meaning the exoplanet's temperature may be similar to our planet's as well. But unlike Earth, it orbits a red dwarf. Though none have been observed in this system, this type of star is known for stellar flare-ups that may make a planet's environment challenging for any potential life. "This intriguing, distant world gives us even greater hope that a second Earth lies among the stars, waiting to be found," said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. "The data gathered by missions like Kepler and our Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite [TESS] will continue to yield amazing discoveries as the science community refines its abilities to look for promising planets year after year." There is still much that is unknown about Kepler-1649c, including its atmosphere, which could affect the planet's temperature. Current calculations of the planet's size have significant margins of error, as do all values in astronomy when studying objects so far away. But based on what is known, Kepler-1649c has potential habitable conditions.


Edited Article:
Scientist discovered a new planet called Kepler-1649, which is located 300 light years from Earth and is similar to Earth in size and estimated temperature. This newly found planet is only 1.06 times larger than our own planet, and the amount of starlight it receives from its host star is 75% of the amount of light Earth receives from our Sun, meaning the exoplanet's temperature may be similar to our planet's as well. But unlike Earth, it orbits a red dwarf. Though none have been observed in this system, this type of star is known for stellar flare-ups that may make a planet's environment challenging for any potential life. "'This intriguing, distant world gives us even greater hope that a second Earth lies among the stars, waiting to be found,'" said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. There is still much that is unknown about Kepler-1649c, including its atmosphere which could affect the planet's temperature, but based on what is known, Kepler-1649c has potential habitable conditions.


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Recovery from COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic is spreading very fast, causing many people to catch it, and some have even died because of it.

---Good sentence! Edited slighly for word choice: The COVID-19 pandemic is spreading very fast, causing many people to catch it, and some people have even died from the disease.

Many people have recovered from this illness but recovery from this serious virus varies from person to person.

---Edited for grammar. Remember to add a comma when you add two sentences with a conjunction!: Many people have recovered from this illness, but recovery from this serious virus varies from person to person.

Older people might have a harder time recovering from COVID-19 if they catch it.

---Good sentence!

People with serious illness might have a harder time recovering especially if they are of a more advanced age.

---Edited for grammar: People with serious illness might have a harder time recovering, especially if they are of a more advanced age.

Young people, in their teens to thirties, might have a better chance of recovering if they are healthy and only moderately ill. Recovery can take up to a few weeks depending on symptoms shown, some people may have mild symptoms and recover in nearly two weeks, or some people could have no symptoms and never even know that they have the virus.

---Combined the two sentences, edited grammar, and edited the run on sentence in the second sentence: Young people in their teens to thirties might have a better chance of recovering if they are healthy and only moderately ill, but recovery can take up to a few weeks depending on the symptoms shown.

People could also have very severe symptoms and have a chance of dying. For now, scientists are doing what they can to prevent people from dying, but some people can't always recover because of how much recovery varies for different type of people.
---Combined the last two sentences. Great concluding sentence!: People could also have very severe symptoms and a chance of dying, but for now, scientists are doing what they can to prevent people from dying.

Source: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-recovery-from-covid-19-looks-like/



Original Article:
The COVID-19 pandemic is spreading very fast, causing many people to catch it, and some have even died because of it. Many people have recovered from this illness but recovery from this serious virus varies from person to person. Older people might have a harder time recovering from COVID-19 if they catch it. People with serious illness might have a harder time recovering especially if they are of a more advanced age. Young people, in their teens to thirties, might have a better chance of recovering if they are healthy and only moderately ill. Recovery can take up to a few weeks depending on symptoms shown, some people may have mild symptoms and recover in nearly two weeks, or some people could have no symptoms and never even know that they have the virus. People could also have very severe symptoms and have a chance of dying. For now, scientists are doing what they can to prevent people from dying, but some people can't always recover because of how much recovery varies for different type of people.



Edited Article:
The COVID-19 pandemic is spreading very fast, causing many people to catch it, and some people have even died from the disease. Many people have recovered from this illness, but recovery from this serious virus varies from person to person. Older people might have a harder time recovering from COVID-19 if they catch it. People with serious illness might have a harder time recovering, especially if they are of a more advanced age. Young people in their teens to thirties might have a better chance of recovering if they are healthy and only moderately ill, but recovery can take up to a few weeks depending on the symptoms shown. People could also have very severe symptoms and a chance of dying, but for now, scientists are doing what they can to prevent people from dying.


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Man Has Hurt Our Environment'
---Remember to start with an article title! I made you one for this article

For the past several decades, mankind has depleted the Earth, altering more than 75% of landmasses and 66% of the oceans.

---Great opening sentence!

As we destroy nature, we also destroy ourselves; our lives are completely dependent on what nature is able to provide for us.

---Slight edit for word choice: As destroy nature, we also destroy ourselves because our lives are completely dependent on what nature is able to provide for us.

Nature supplies us with food, coastal protection, and clean water.

---Great sentence!

However, because we are destroying what natures give us, flooding is expected to occur more regularly and more severely.

---Another great sentence!

Along with a shortage of food, many species will become extinct, including our own.

---Another great sentence! I am very impressed with this article!



Original Article:
For the past several decades, mankind has depleted the Earth, altering more than 75% of landmasses and 66% of the oceans. As we destroy nature, we also destroy ourselves; our lives are completely dependent on what nature is able to provide for us. Nature supplies us with food, coastal protection, and clean water. However, because we are destroying what natures give us, flooding is expected to occur more regularly and more severely. Along with a shortage of food, many species will become extinct, including our own.



Edited Article:
For the past several decades, mankind has depleted the Earth, altering more than 75% of landmasses and 66% of the oceans. As destroy nature, we also destroy ourselves because our lives are completely dependent on what nature is able to provide for us. Nature supplies us with food, coastal protection, and clean water. However, because we are destroying what natures give us, flooding is expected to occur more regularly and more severely. Along with a shortage of food, many species will become extinct, including our own.


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